Broken Rail and Rollout Detection to Support QMB Operations
Researchers collaborated with a railroad advisory group to demonstrate the validity of a track circuit concept that supports the Quasi-Moving Block (QMB) method of train control. They performed proof-of-concept testing, capacity analysis, hazard analysis, and requirements development.
QMB is one of three new additional modes of train control that have been identified as an evolution of today’s Positive Train Control (PTC); namely, Enhanced Overlay PTC (EO-PTC), QMB, and Full Moving Block (FMB). QMB inherits the capacity benefits of EO-PTC and provides additional safety benefits compared to PTC. However, QMB remains limited by the fixed track circuit blocks and does not provide significant capacity benefits beyond EO-PTC unless supplemented by potential modifications to track circuits that, together with QMB and vital rear-of-train location, provide further capacity benefits.