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Keywords: Emergency warning, train horn, trespassers, music masking sounds, reaction time, acoustic warning device
Abstract: Acoustical warning devices are designed to warn trespassers of an approaching train. This study evaluated the urgency and detectibility of potential warning sounds.
Acoustical warning devices are designed to warn trespassers of an approaching train. This study evaluated the urgency and detectibility of potential warning sounds.
Keywords: Railroad, energy intensity, emissions, life cycle analysis, GREET®, greenhouse gases, regulated emissions, energy, air pollutant emissions, locomotive, diesel fuel, alternative fuel
Abstract: A tiered emission factors table was developed by Argonne National Laboratory to populate its Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET®) model...
Keywords: Biodiesel, engine components, fuel, elastomers, O-rings, 20 percent biodiesel, B20, 5 percent biodiesel, B5, durability, locomotive
Abstract: This report summarizes work performed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI®) to investigate the durability of several locomotive engine components under various blends of...
Keywords: Hybrid locomotive, battery, lithium-on battery, advanced lithium-on battery technology
Abstract: Norfolk Southern Corporation (NS) and Pennsylvania State University tested several different battery systems in hybrid locomotives. Advanced lithium-ion battery technology was...
Keywords: Human vibration
Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the transmissibility characteristics of occupied suspension seats in multi-axis vibration environments using locomotive seats. Exposures included...